use and petty drug dealing, theft, adultery, “flouting” of public morals, illegitimate relationships, and mixing of the sexes in public.7 Although in 2002 then-Head of the Judiciary Ayatollah Shahroudi issued a ban on stoning,8 it remains as a punishment for act of adultery by a woman and a man who meet the condition of ehsan9 under the Islamic Penal Code (2013).10 In 2007, the Iranian judiciary confirmed that a man who had been convicted of adultery 10 years earlier was stoned to death in Qazvin province.11 The practice reportedly further continued despite the issuance of the ban.12 13 In 2013 the spokesman for the Iranian Parliament’s Justice Commission confirmed that while the Penal Code no longer prescribes stoning, it remains a valid punishment under Shari’a law, which is enforceable under the Penal Code.14 Iranian authorities have regularly resorted to corporal punishments, in particular flogging. Over 100 flogging sentences and 19 sentences of amputation were issued over the course of 2017.15 16 17 18 In 2020 the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center documented 160 flogging sentences. 19 Iranian authorities do not systematically or thoroughly release information on corporal punishment sentences or their implementation. Reports of flogging cases rarely appear in the Iranian media, usually from small towns and villages.20 The Human Rights Committee has explicitly stated that flogging, amputation and stoning are not compatible with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).21 The text of article 7 of the ICCPR allows for no limitation. Violation of jus cogens norms, such as 7 For a list of acts punishable by flogging in Iranian law, see: Abdorrahman Boroumand Center 8 European Parliament Report, 2003, 9 The condition of ehsan is described under Article 226 of the 2013 Islamic Penal Code, English translation, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, 10 Article 225, Islamic Penal Code (2013), English translation, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, 11 Radio Farda report: < > 12 Iran Human Rights, 13 Radio Farda report: < > 14 Mohamadali Esfanani, in an interview with Fars News Agency that Radio Zamaneh reported it: < > 15 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 12 March 2018, 16 Abdorrahman Boroumand Center, ; See also Abdorrahman Boroumand Center, 17 See Amnesty International urgent action: 18 See Arya News Service, translated by the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center, 19 Abdorrahman Boroumand Center, 20 Joint submission to the Human Rights Committee, Abdorrahman Center, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC), Impact Iran and Human Rights Activists in Iran, 2020, 313&Lang=en 21 UN Human Rights Committee (HRC), CCPR/C/79/Add.85, 2

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