Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
A/HRC/43/61 para 70(j)
Full recommendation:
The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government, the judiciary and the parliament, as
appropriate: Make substantial investments in all prisons to reduce overcrowding, provide
adequate sleeping facilities to prisoners and ensure that the essential personal hygiene of
prisoners is maintained;
Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1
Article 39 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran stipulates that “All affronts to the
dignity and repute of persons arrested, detained, imprisoned, or banished in accordance with the
law, whatever form they may take, are forbidden and liable to punishment.”2
Iran’s Prison Regulations provide for the management and supervision of all prisons and
detention center in the country, including the conditions of detentions such access to adequate
food and water and medical care for detainees, visits and communications with the family. Prison
regulations include the right for detainees to have a bed3 and also stipulate that prisons should
have enough showers to enable detainees to shower at least once a week.4
The Iranian Prisons Organization, the governmental agency in charge of overseeing prisons in
the country, has reportedly faced challenges in terms of funding and investments. In 2017, thenHead of the Organization stated in an interview that there were not enough funds to provide three
adequate meals to prisoners.5 For the past few years, the Government has been increasing the
annual budget of the Organization.6 Reportedly, the budget of the Organization is spent notably
on the provision of food and clothing for prisoners, as well as health care services.7
However, despite the lack of readily official and available information on the provision of
services to prisoners across the country, NGO reports suggest that investments are insufficient.

1
CCPR.10.1.S.1
CCPR.10.3.P.2
CCPR.10.1.O.1; CCPR.10.1.O.2
2
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, English Translation, Iran Data Portal, https://irandataportal.syr.edu/wpcontent/uploads/constitution-english-1368.pdf
3
Article 71, Regulatory Code of 11 Dec. 2005 (Governing the Prisons Organization and Security and Corrective Measures),
available at http://www.prisons.ir/index.php?Module=SMMPageMaster&SMMOp=View&PageId=27.
4
Article 108, Regulatory Code of 11 Dec. 2005 (Governing the Prisons Organization and Security and Corrective Measures),
available at http://www.prisons.ir/index.php?Module=SMMPageMaster&SMMOp=View&PageId=27
5
Aftab News, https://aftabnews.ir/fa/news/499098/
6
ILNA News, https://www.ilna.news/fa/tiny/news-707499
7
Mehr News, www.mehrnews.com/xQMTN

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