Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran A/HRC/28/70 para 96 Full recommendation: Calls on the Government to amend laws that violate the rights of women, or that undermine their full enjoyment of civil political, social, and economic rights, including the right work and to freedom from discrimination, especially in education and the workplace. Draft legislation currently under consideration that appears to infringe on these rights raises serious concern, and should be reconsidered. Assessment using Impact Iran indicators1 A. Right to work Article 28 of the Constitution obliges the government to create employment for all without discrimination.2 Despite the existence of this article, gender and religious restrictions apply in jobs in the judicial and governmental fields. For example, women cannot stand as judges of the courts.3 The nondiscrimination principles in the labor code do not cover the hiring process, which is critical for women to enter the workforce, particularly in higher paying, technical, or more senior positions. 4 Women are completely prohibited from holding the position of Supreme Leader and have a limited presence at senior decision-making levels and judicial bodies in the country. Candidates for the presidency in Iran must be what the constitution refers to as “RajolE-Siasi” (“political men”).5 Though many argue that the phrase as a whole could be understood as “political persons,” without a specification as to gender, the Guardian Council of the Constitution, a body of Islamic jurists responsible for vetting candidates for elections, has never approved a woman to stand in presidential elections or elections to the Assembly of Experts.6 Additionally, no woman has ever served on the Guardian Council (body mandated to bring parliamentary resolutions in line with Shari’a and the Constitution and to oversee elections and vet candidates).7 Nor on the Expediency Council (the body which serves as the Supreme Leader's advisory arm, formulating "general policies for the state" and overseeing the implementation of those policies on the behalf of the Supreme Leader).8 1 CCPR.3.S.1; ESCR.13.2.S.5; CCPR.3.P.1; CCPR.26.P.1; ESCR.6.2.P.1; ESCR.13.2.P.12; CCPR.3..O.1; ESCR.6.1.O.1; ESCR.13.2.O.11 2 https://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/ir/ir001en.pdf 3 Regulations for the appointment of judges of the country: http://rooznamehrasmi.ir/Laws/ShowLaw.aspx?Code=927 4 Human Rights Watch https://www.hrw.org/report/2017/05/25/its-mens-club/discrimination-against-women-irans-job-market 5 Art. 115, Constitution of Iran. 6 The council that should choose the Supreme Leader and its mandate is to monitor him. 7 In addition, the Guardian Council is responsible for overseeing elections and vetting candidates. 8 The body, whose members are all appointed by the Supreme Leader, was initially established as an arbitration body between parliament and the Guardian Council. 1

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