Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions A/HRC/14/24/Add.1
para 388

Full recommendation
I would respectfully reiterate my appeal to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to
take all necessary steps to avoid executions that would be inconsistent with accepted standards
of international human rights law and to take steps to bring its legislation in compliance with
Article 37(a) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and Article 6 of the International
Covenant on Civil and Political, to which it is a party. In particular, I urge your Government to
expeditiously lift or commute the death sentences imposed against Amir Khaleghi and Safar
Angooti c. All other efforts undertaken by your Government to prevent these executions are
insufficient to meet its obligations under international treaties it is a Party to.

Assessment drafted using Impact Iran indicators1
A. Take steps to bring legislation in compliance with Article 6 of the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
There is currently no standing moratorium on the death penalty in Iran. Most of the crimes that
are punishable by death under Iranian law would not be considered “most serious” under
international law. Iranian law allows the issuance of death sentences for various crimes. There
are three types of death penalty punishments under Iranian law. Qisas execution, hud`ud
execution and tazir execution. Currently the following crimes are punishable by death:
intentional murder (qisas)2; sex offenses including adultery with married persons, rape, incest
and sodomy (hudud)3; crimes against religion and society, including moharebeh, corruption,
apostasy, and hypocrisy (hudud); repeating offenses for specific crimes including drinking
alcohol, adultery with unmarried (hudud); and some drugs related offences, military espionage,
disruption of the economic system, insulting the prophet Mohammad (tazir). The right to appeal
is covered by Chapter 4 of the Iranian Criminal Procedure Code, which specifies appeals
processes for each type of charge in articles 426 to 483.

1

CCPR.6.1.S.1; CCPR.6.5.S.1; CCPR.6.2.S.1; CCPR.6.2.P.1;CCPR.6.5.O.1;CCPR.6.5.O.2
The subject of "Qisas" is mentioned in the third book of the Islamic Penal Code, which covers Articles 289 to 537, Articles 301
to 311 (Chapter 3 in Part I, Book III), and Articles 381 to 385 (Chapter II in Book III).
3 The subject of "Hudud" is mentioned in the second book of the Islamic Penal Code, which covers Articles 217 to 288. Among
the crimes under this "title" that could lead to the death penalty are: Adultery (Chapter 1, Section 1 of the Second Book), Articles
224 and 225. Sodomy (Chapter 2, Part 1 of the Second Book), Articles 234 and 236. Insult to the Prophets (Chapter 5, Section 1,
Book 2), Article 262. Theft for the fourth time (Chapter 7, Part 1 of the second book), Article 278. Moharebeh (War against God)
(Chapter 8, Part 1 of the Second Book), Article 282. Corruption on Earth (Chapter 9, Section 1 of the Second Book), Articles 286
and 287.
2

1

Select target paragraph3