Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran A/HRC/28/70 para 89 Full recommendation: Authorities should immediately rescind the death sentences against all political prisoners and prisoners of conscience, including those of Soheil Arabi and others, whose alleged actions do not constitute a serious crime under international law. The Government should also note that international law and consensus define juvenile execution as the execution of individuals who were under the age of 18 at the time of the commission of the relevant crime, not at the time of implementation of the sentence. He reiterates his call on the Government to officially ban this practice and to align its practices with its obligations under international law. He repeats his call to enforce a complete moratorium on the death penalty in the meantime. These actions could drastically reduce executions for non-capital offences and better ensure protections for the right to life. Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1 A. Rescind the death penalty against Soheil Arabi Soheil Arabi is a blogger and journalist who was sentenced to death for blasphemy by Branch 76 off the Criminal Court of Tehran in 2014 under charges of “insulting the Prophet of Islam” due to his Facebook posts.2 He was later charged with "insulting the supreme leader" and "propaganda against the regime" and sentenced to three years of imprisonment for his work as a human rights defender behind bars. In 2015, his death sentence was commuted by Branch 34 of the Supreme Court and he was resentenced to seven and a half years in prison, two years of Shi’a studies and hand copying thirteen Shi’a textbooks. This sentence was reduced to six and a half years in prison in November 2015. As of January 2021, Soheil Arabi remains in prison.3 B. Ban the practice of juvenile executions International law and human rights treaties define the age of criminal responsibility at 18 years and above, and those below that age are considered to be juveniles.4 However, the laws in Iran, and in particular the Islamic Penal Code, allow death sentences for criminals under the age of 18 to be issued. Article 146 of the Islamic Penal Code of 2013 establishes that people which are not considered mature are not responsible for any crimes, while Article 147 says that the age of 1 CCPR.6.1.S.1; CCPR.6.2.S.1; CCPR.6.3.P.1; CCPR.6.1.O.1; CRC.6.1.S.2; CRC.6.2.P.1; CCPR.6.5.O.1 https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/case/continued-detention-iranian-blogger-soheil-arabi-and-judicial-harassment-hismother 3 : https://iranhr.net/en/articles/4576/ 4 https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx 2 1

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