Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran A/HRC/37/68 para 92 Full recommendation: The Special Rapporteur is also deeply concerned by the ongoing, numerous, and consistent reports received of due process violations, including but not limited to the use of prolonged solitary confinement and significant limitations placed upon the ability of the accused to access a lawyer. In particular she calls upon the Government to strictly limit the use of solitary confinement and ensure full access to their choice of lawyer. She further reiterates her recommendation to abolish the revolutionary tribunals and religious courts in line with the recommendations made by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention following its visit to the country. Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1 A. The Special Rapporteur calls upon the Government to strictly limit the use of solitary confinement The Iranian Criminal Code of Procedure (2015) lists the disciplinary punishments that may be imposed on detainees and prisoners but excludes solitary confinement, which remains prescribed under Article 175 of the Prison Regulations.2 Under Iran’s Prison Regulations, any disciplinary measure may be imposed after investigation by a disciplinary council composed of judicial and prison officials, although the Regulations do not specify the offences that may be subject to punishments. If the disciplinary council finds the accused prisoner guilty by majority vote, it may impose “detention in solitary confinement for a maximum of 20 days.”3 The lack of regulations for holding detainees in solitary confinement outside of the circumstances predicted under Prison Regulations put detainees at risk of arbitrary solitary confinement, and for prolonged periods of time. Article 175 of Iran’s Prison Regulations stipulates that solitary confinement should not exceed 20 days,4 while the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (or Nelson Mandela’s rules) consider solitary confinement longer than 15 days as prolonged solitary 1 CCPR.9.1.S.1.; CCPR.9.1.S.2.; CCPR.9.1.S.3.; CCPR.9.2.S.1.; CCPR.9.3.S.2.; CCPR.14.1.S.2.; CCPR. 9.1.P.1.; CCPR.9.1.P.2.; CCPR.9.1.P.5.; CCPR.9.1.P.6.; CCPR.9.2.P.1.; CCPR.9.3.P.1. ; CCPR.9.1.O.1.; CCPR.9.2.O.1.; CCPR.9.2.O.4.; CCPR.14.1.O.8.; CCPR.9.1.O.1. 2 Article 524, Code of Criminal Procedure of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and Iranian Prisons Regulations, as referred to in https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1327082016ENGLISH.PDF 3 Amnesty International, https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1327082016ENGLISH.PDF 4 Amnesty International, https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1327082016ENGLISH.PDF 1

Select target paragraph3