Concluding Observation Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
E/C.12/IRN/CO/2 para 22
Full recommendation:
The Committee recommends that the State party take steps to ensure that ownership of houses
and land, in particular in rural areas, is formally registered, and that the State party actively
raise awareness among affected groups of the population, including through the dissemination of
knowledge, on relevant legal provisions and registry procedures. It recommends that the State
party take steps to prevent arbitrary interpretations of article 49 of the Constitution, and to
ensure that persons affected by such confiscations have access to an adequate remedy,
restitution of their property, and compensation, as appropriate, including in line with the
Committee’s general comment No. 7 (1997) on forced evictions. The Committee also requests the
State party to include in its next periodic report information on the extent and the root causes of
homelessness in the State party. The Committee draws the State party’s attention to its general
comment No. 4 (1991) on the right to adequate housing.
Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1
A. The Committee recommends that the Islamic Republic of Iran take steps to ensure
that ownership of houses and land, in particular in rural areas, is formally
registered, and that the Islamic Republic of Iran actively raise awareness among
affected groups of the population, including through the dissemination of
knowledge, on relevant legal provisions and registry procedures.
There are currently laws recognizing the right to own and register property in rural areas.2Its
executive regulations have also been prepared and approved by the government.3 According to
this regulation, the method of registering the property and the steps of receiving the ownership
document are specified.4 In addition, Article 140 of the Law on the Third Development Plan of
the Islamic Republic further emphasizes this issue, obliging the Housing Foundation of the
Islamic Revolution to carry out technical and bureaucratic measures for all villages with more
than 200 households.5

1

ESCR.11.1.S.2; ESCR.11.1.S.4; ESCR.11.1.P.2; ESCR.11.1.P.1; ESCR.11.1.O.2; ESCR.11.1.O.3; ESCR.11.1.O.1
The Law on Issuance of Land Ownership Documents subject to land reform in villages and cities covered (adopted on
November 2, 1993): < https://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/92312 >
3
The Regulation of implementation of the Law on Issuance of Land Ownership Documents subject to land reform in the villages
and cities covered (adopted on April 23, 1995): < https://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/116054 >
4
Article 2 of the Regulation mentioned in footnote 2.
5
Executive Regulations of Article 140 of the Law on the Third Economic, Social and Cultural Development Plan of the Islamic
Republic of Iran (adopted on August 20, 2000)<https://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/120635 >
2

1

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