Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences E/CN.4/2006/61/Add.3 para 75 (a) Full recommendation: In order to promote and support the empowerment of women in all spheres of life, it is recommended that the Government: Promote women’s participation in the formal labour market by ensuring equality of opportunity and eliminating discriminatory laws and practices related to women’s work. Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1 In the Islamic Republic of Iran, a husband can prevent his spouse from pursuing an occupation which he believes to be against family values or harmful to his or her reputation.2 There is no law prohibiting an employer from seeking a husband’s permission for a woman to work and employers have been reportedly requiring engaged or married women to provide a written statement of permission from their husbands in order to be hired.3 A number of provisions under Iranian labour laws protect the right to work without discrimination,4 yet forbid women from being employed in ‘dangerous, arduous or harmful work’.5 Additionally, women do not have access to certain positions in the Judiciary or the government. For example, women cannot be judges of the courts.6 Job benefits, such as social security and health insurance, family bonuses or paid overtime, inhere to the man.78 The Iranian labour code also does not provide legal safeguards against discrimination in the hiring process. There is a mechanism under the oversight of the Ministry of Labour that is tasked with receiving and analysing complaints related to labour standards. There is no readily available information with regards to the number of received complaints of gender-based discrimination when accessing employment or within the workplace, or whether such complaints have been addressed. There are no official and readily available reports of cases of discrimination in the workplace in the Islamic Republic of Iran, but in practice, non-discrimination provisions 1 ESCR.2.2.S.1; ESCR.6.1.S.1; ESCR.6.1.S.3; ESCR.2.2.P.3; ESCR.6.1.P.1; CCPR.2.1.O.1; ESCR.6.1.O.2 Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Art.1117 < https://shenasname.ir/laws/6664 > 3 Human Rights Watch, ‘It’s A Men’s Club’: Discrimination against Women in Iran’s Labour Market, May 2017 4 Articles 6, The Labor Law: < https://shenasname.ir/laws/kar/1017 > Article 28 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, https://irandataportal.syr.edu/wp-content/uploads/constitution-english-1368.pdf 5 The Islamic Republic of Iran, Iranian Labour Code, 1990, Articles 6 and 75. 6 Regulations for the appointment of judges of the country: < http://rooznamehrasmi.ir/Laws/ShowLaw.aspx?Code=927 > 7 Articles 1102 to 1119, 1133 to 1142, Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran. https://iranhrdc.org/the-civil-code-of-theislamic-republic-of-iran/ 8 Article 58 of the Social Security Act (adopted on June 24, 1975, and its subsequent amendments): < https://shenasname.ir/laws/tamin/1024 > 2 1

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