special procedure mandate holders considered the ongoing executions of child offenders in the Islamic Republic of Iran as “conclusive proof of the failure of the 2013 amendments to stop the execution of individuals sentenced to death as children”.15 In 2019, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran found that the aforementioned assessment of the mental development of the accused at the time of the offence was “arbitrary and inconsistent, and at the sole discretion of the judge, who can choose whether to seek medical advice or not”.16 Since 1990, Iran has executed more juvenile offenders than any other country in the world, and the number of juveniles executed by Iran’s judicial forces is more than double the combined total number of juvenile offenders executed by the remaining nine countries in the list.17 Despite amendments to Iranian law and the imposition of alternative punishments like imprisonment for juvenile offenders, the death penalty is still being issued and carried out in the case of murder (qisas).18 According to Iran Human Rights’ reports, at least 63 juvenile offenders were executed between 2010 and 2020 in Iran. Iranian authorities executed 6 juvenile offenders in 2018, 4 in 2019 and 4 in 2020.19 There are reports of juvenile offenders having their sentences commuted20, yet these reports are few and far between compared to the number of juvenile offenders being executed yearly. Recommendation Status: This recommendation has NOT been implemented.21 15 See OHCHR News, www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=21547&LangID=E Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, January 2019, https://undocs.org/Home/Mobile?FinalSymbol=A%2FHRC%2F40%2F67&Language=E&DeviceType=Desktop 17 Amnesty International, “Executions of Juveniles Since 1990 as of November 2019” accessed April 25, 2020, https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/ACT5002332019ENGLISH.pdf 18 Iran Human Rights and ECPM, Annual Report on the Death Penalty in Iran 2019, 34. https://www.iranhr.net/en/reports/22/ 19 https://iranhr.net/en/articles/4727 20 ISNA News -The death sentence of 6 juvenile offenders was commuted on February 8, 2017 (in Persian): https://www.isna.ir/news/ 21 For more, please see: Abdorrahman Boroumand Center for Human Rights in Iran https://www.iranrights.org/projects/omidmap 16 3

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