Concluding Observations Committee on the Rights of the Child CRC/C/IRN/CO/3-4 para 70 Full recommendation: The Committee draws the State party’s attention to its general comment No. 15 (2013) on the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health, and recommends that the State party take all necessary measures to prevent early pregnancies by prohibiting child marriages and providing access to contraceptives and to safe abortion, and to post-abortion care services, throughout the country. It also recommends that the State party decriminalise abortions in all circumstances and ensure that the views of the pregnant girl are always heard and respected in abortion decisions. Furthermore, the Committee recommends that the State party take measures to increase the allocation of public funds to improve the health situation of inhabitants of remote areas, focusing in particular on the health infrastructure. In doing so, the State party should seek financial and technical assistance from UNICEF and the World Health Organisation, among others. Assessment drafted using Impact Iran indicators1 A. Prohibiting child marriages Child marriage continues to be permitted under Iranian law. The legal minimum age for marriage is 13 for girls and 15 for boys2, though children who have reached puberty can marry with parental consent and court approval.3 The predefined age of puberty under the Islamic Republic of Iran, and the age of legal majority, is 9 lunar years for girls and 15 lunar years for boys.4 Marriage before puberty is criminalised in accordance with Article 50 of the Family Protection Act5 and is punished under Article 646 of the Islamic Penal Code (2013).6 In 2018, a proposed amendment to Article 1041 of the Civil Code that would raise the age of marriage for girls from 13 to 16, while allowing earlier marriage with legal and medical approval, was rejected by the Parliament’s Committee for Judicial and Legal Affairs.7 In February 2019, the chair of the Committee stated that a “new plan” would be introduced for 1 CRC.19.1.S.1; ESCR.12.1.S.6; CRC.19.1.P.1; ESCR.12.1.O.11; CCPR.3.O.2 Article 1041 of the Civil Code as amended up until December 2000, NGO Impact Iran Coalition, Joint Submission to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 2016 3 Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 4 Committee on the Rights of the Child, 2016, CRC/C/IRN/CO/3-4, paras. 27–28 5 Universal Periodic Review, Iran, 2019, 6 Islamic Penal Code (2013), Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, 7 Amnesty International, UPR submission 2019 2 1

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