Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences
E/CN.4/2006/61/Add.3 para.72 (d)

Full recommendation:
With a view to the adoption and observation of international human rights standards the Special
Rapporteur recommends that the Government: (d) Ratify the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and
Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United
Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and protect women victims of
trafficking, ensure accountability of the traffickers and provide compensation to the victims.
Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1
A. The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government ratifies the Protocol to
Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and
Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational
Organized Crime
As of February 2021, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons,
Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against
Transnational Organized Crime has not been ratified nor have steps been taken towards its
ratification by the Islamic Republic of Iran.
B. The Special Rapporteur recommends the Government protects women victims of
trafficking and ensures accountability of the traffickers and provide compensation
to the victims
Since 2004, the Islamic Republic of Iran criminalises the trafficking in persons by means of the
threat or use of force or coercion, abuse of power, abuse of a victim’s position of vulnerability
for purposes of prostitution, slavery or forced marriage.2 The Iranian judiciary has drafted a bill
to amend this piece of legislation which, as of February 2021, is under the parliament’s review.
The draft bill includes higher penalties for crimes of human trafficking involving children,
adolescents, women, persons with disabilities, victims of floods and earthquakes, or for cases
where the offender is the legal guardian of the child victim.3 The bill that is currently under
1

CCPR.8.1.S.1; CCPR.8.3.S.1; CCPR.8.1.P.1; CCPR.8.1.P.2; CCPR.8.3.P.1; CCPR.8.1.O.1; CCPR.8.3.O.1
https://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/94178
3
http://cabinetoffice.ir/fa/print/4997
2

1

Select target paragraph3