Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran A/HRC/37/68 para 80 Full recommendation: The Special Rapporteur accordingly calls upon the Government to ensure prompt, thorough, and effective investigations by independent and impartial bodies of allegations of violations documented, and that those responsible are held accountable. The Government could further consider the use of modern technology to monitor detention centres to deter the torture and other ill-treatment of those detained, interrogated or imprisoned, whilst ensuring that such monitoring is conducted in line with international human rights standards. Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1 The shortcomings of the Iranian legal framework leave members of minorities in the Islamic Republic of Iran without legal guarantees that would ensure the full enjoyment of their human rights. The lack of such guarantees goes against Iran's international obligations. As such, Iran’s legal framework grants wide impunity to agents of the State who perpetrate violations of the human rights of individuals throughout the country.2 3 Despite the existence of several mechanisms that ostensibly accept complaints regarding violations of citizens' rights, such as the Parliament’s Article 90 Commission (established under Article 90 of the Constitution, offering a mechanism to citizens to file complaint against any of the three branches of power) and the Oversight Bodies for the exercise of Citizenship Rights in the country's provincial courts, there is no evidence to suggest that complaints to these bodies are independently being reviewed and investigated.4 Without mechanisms that are able to independently and impartially review complaints of human rights violations, perpetrators’ accountability is severely limited -if not made impossible. 1 CCPR.7.1.S.1; CCPR.9.1.S.1; CCPR.9.1.S.2; CCPR.9.1.S.3; CCPR.9.2.S.1; CCPR.9.3.S.2; CCPR.14.1.S.2; CCPR.7.1.P.1; CCPR.7.1.P.2; CCPR.9.1.P.1; CCPR.9.1.P.2; CCPR.9.1.P.5; CCPR.9.1.P.6; CCPR.9.2.P.1; CCPR.9.3.P.1; CCPR.7.1.O.1; CCPR.7.1.O.2; CCPR.7.1.O.3; CCPR.9.1.O.1; CCPR.9.1.O.1; CCPR.9.2.O.1; CCPR.9.2.O.4; CCPR.14.1.O.8 2 See more : Joint submission to the Human Rights Committee from All Human Rights for All in Iran, Association for Human Rights in Kurdistan – Geneva, Association for the Human Rights of the Azerbaijani People in Iran, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, OutRight International, Siamak Pourzand Foundation, Small Media, Impact Iran, 2020, https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CCPR/Shared%20Documents/IRN/INT_CCPR_NGO_IRN_42317_E.pdf 3 See more: ARTICLE 19, Small Media, Human Rights Activists in Iran, Impact Iran, Human Rights Committee, 129th session (Geneva) 29 June – 24 July 2020, https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CCPR/Shared%20Documents/IRN/INT_CCPR_ICS_IRN_42315_E.pdf 4 Joint submission to the Human Rights Committee, Abdorrahman Center, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC), Impact Iran and Human Rights Activists in Iran, 2020, https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=INT%2fCCPR%2fICS%2fIRN%2f42313 &Lang=en 1

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