Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran A/HRC/43/61 para 70(i) Full recommendation: The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government, the judiciary and the parliament, as appropriate: Pending its abolishment, ensure that solitary confinement is used only in exceptional cases, as a last resort and for as short a time as possible, following authorization by a competent authority and subject to independent review; Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1 The Iranian Criminal Code of Procedure (2015) lists the disciplinary punishments that may be imposed on detainees and prisoners but excludes solitary confinement, which remains prescribed under Article 175 of the Prison Regulations. 2 Under Iran’s Prison Regulations, any disciplinary measures may be imposed after investigation by a disciplinary council composed of judicial and prison officials, although the Regulations do not specify the offences that may be subject to punishments. If the disciplinary council finds the accused prisoner guilty by majority vote, it may impose “detention in solitary confinement for a maximum of 20 days.”3 The lack of regulations for holding detainees in solitary confinement outside of the circumstances predicted under Prison Regulations put detainees at risk of arbitrary solitary confinement, and for prolonged periods of time. Article 175 of Iran’s Prison Regulations stipulates that solitary confinement should not exceed 20 days,4 while the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (or Nelson Mandela’s rules) consider solitary confinement longer than 15 days as prolonged solitary confinement. 5 The Human Rights Committee has stipulated that the prolonged solitary confinement of detainees may amount to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.6 Reports suggest that the Section 209 of the Evin Prison in Tehran, under the control of the Ministry of Intelligence, is the place of systematic and large-scale use of solitary confinement 1 CCPR.9.1.S.2 CCPR.9.1.P.1; CCPR.9.1.P.3 CCPR.9.O.1; CCPR.9.1.O.2; CCPR.9.O.3 2 Article 524, Code of Criminal Procedure of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and Iranian Prisons Regulations, as referred to in https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1327082016ENGLISH.PDF 3 Amnesty International, https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1327082016ENGLISH.PDF 4 Amnesty International, https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/MDE1327082016ENGLISH.PDF 5 Rule 44, Nelson Mandela’s Rules or UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, https://www.unodc.org/documents/justice-and-prison-reform/Nelson_Mandela_Rules-E-ebook.pdf 6 General comment No. 20 (1992) on the prohibition of torture, or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, para. 6. 1

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