Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran
A/HRC/43/61 para 70(k)
Full recommendation:
The Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government, the judiciary and the parliament, as
appropriate: Ensure that prisoners are provided with food of appropriate nutritional value,
quantity and quality and that drinking water is made readily available to all prisoners;
Assessment using Impact Iran human rights indicators1
Article 39 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran stipulates that “All affronts to the
dignity and repute of persons arrested, detained, imprisoned, or banished in accordance with the
law, whatever form they may take, are forbidden and liable to punishment.”2
Iran’s Prison Regulations provide for the management and supervision of all prisons and
detention center in the country, including the conditions of detentions such access to adequate
food and water and medical care for detainees, visits and communications with the family.
According to the 2005 Prison Regulations, prisoners are entitled to have breakfast, lunch and
dinner every day as well as clean potable water or tea.3 4
Numerous reports received by OHCHR have indicated that detainees are regularly kept in poor
conditions in Iranian prisons, notably due to overcrowding and serious lack of basic hygiene,
lack of adequate food and water and denial of access to medical care.5 6 NGOs reports have
documented a significant number of prisons where prisoners are deprived of drinking water, and
where food is scarce if not of poor quality.7 8

1
CCPR.10.1.S.1
CCPR.10.3.P.3
CCPR.10.1.O.2; CCPR.10.1.O.3
2
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, English Translation, Iran Data Portal, https://irandataportal.syr.edu/wpcontent/uploads/constitution-english-1368.pdf
3
Regulatory Code of 11 Dec. 2005 (Governing the Prisons Organization and Security and Corrective Measures), art. 93 available
at http://www.prisons.ir/index.php?Module=SMMPageMaster&SMMOp=View&PageId=27.
4
See more: Iran Human Rights Documentation Center, https://iranhrdc.org/rights-disregarded-prisons-in-the-islamic-republic-ofiran/#3.2.4
5
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, January 2020,
https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/IR/Report_of_the_Special_Rapporteur_on_the_situation_of_human_rights_in_the_
Islamic_Republic_of_IranA4361.pdf
6
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, July 2020,
https://undocs.org/Home/Mobile?FinalSymbol=A%2F75%2F213&Language=E&DeviceType=Desktop
7
EN-HRANA, https://www.en-hrana.org/tag/great-tehran-penitentiary
8
Center for Human Rights in Iran, https://iranhumanrights.org/2019/01/food-with-rodent-feces-served-to-political-prisoners-inirans-great-tehran-penitentiary/

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